AELIANUS TACTICUS PDF

He is sometimes confused with Claudius Aelianus, the Roman writer referred to below. It is a handbook of Greek, i. Macedonian, drill and tactics as practised by the Hellenistic successors of Alexander the Great. The author claims to have consulted all the best authorities, the chief of which was a lost treatise on the subject by Polybius. Critics of the 18th century—Guichard Folard and the prince de Ligne—were unanimous in thinking Aelian greatly inferior to Arrian, but both on his immediate successors, the Byzantines, and on the Arabs, who translated the text for their own use, Aelian exercised a great influence.

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It is a handbook of Greek, i. Macedonian, drill and tactics as practiced by the Hellenistic successors of Alexander the Great. The author claims to have consulted all the best authorities, the most important of which was a lost treatise on the subject by Polybius. He promises a work on Naval Tactics also; but this, if it was written, is lost.

The Arabic version of Aelian was made about It was first translated into Latin by Theodore Gaza, published at Rome in In spite of its academic nature, the copious details to be found in the treatise rendered it of the highest value to the army organizers of the 16th century, who were engaged in fashioning a regular military system out of the semi-feudal systems of previous generations.

The Macedonian phalanx of Aelian had many points of resemblance to the solid masses of pikemen and the squadrons of cavalry of the Spanish and Dutch systems, and the translations made in the 16th century formed the groundwork of numerous books on drill and tactics. The first significant reference to the influence of Aelian in the 16th century is a letter to Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange from his cousin William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg on December 8, The letter is influential in supporting the thesis of the early-modern Military Revolution.

Aelian was discussing the use of the counter march in the context of the Roman sword gladius and spear pilum. In Smith, William. Ed Donald A Yerxa. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

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1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Aelian (Aelianus Tacticus)

In hoc codice continentur Helianus De instruendis aciebus et Onosander De optimo imperatore, ca. It is a handbook of Greek, i. Macedonian , drill and tactics as practiced by the Hellenistic successors of Alexander the Great. The author claims to have consulted all the best authorities, the most important of which was a lost treatise on the subject by Polybius. He promises a work on Naval Tactics also; but this, if it was written, is lost. The Arabic version of Aelian was made about

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Aelianus Tacticus

Now it understands the reason why hunters come after it with such eagerness and impetuosity, and it puts down its head and with its teeth cuts off its testicles and throws them in their path, as a prudent man who, falling into the hands of robbers, sacrifices all that he is carrying, to save his life, and forfeits his possessions by way of ransom. If however it has already saved its life by self-castration and is again pursued, then it stands up and reveals that it offers no ground for their eager pursuit, and releases the hunters from all further exertions, for they esteem its flesh less. Often however Beavers with testicles intact, after escaping as far away as possible, have drawn in the coveted part, and with great skill and ingenuity tricked their pursuers, pretending that they no longer possessed what they were keeping in concealment. At times he strikes the modern reader as thoroughly credulous, but at others he specifically states that he is merely reporting what is told by others, and even that he does not believe them.

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Claudius Aelianus

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