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This blog contains thoughts on some of my favourite books, books that you can keep coming back to again and again The eleventh century saw the possibility of a revival of Abbasid fortunes through an alliance with the rising Seljuks.
The Abbasid rulers asked Mawardi to write a treatise on the Islamic political ruling system so people were able to differentiate the legitimate Abbasid Caliphate from pretenders such as the Fatimids based in Egypt. The resulting book, Al-Ahkam as-Sultaniyyah The Laws of Islamic Governance , written in AD, gained prominence at the time and is the most cited textbook in modern political studies in Islam. Al-Ahkam as-Sultaniyyah has been adopted by numerous contemporary political movements calling for the reestablishment of the Caliphate al-Khilafah.
Fundamental Ideas Al-Ahkam as-Sultaniyyah book commences with a discussion of the juristic theory of the Caliphate — commencing with the obligation of Imamate on Muslims the author uses the term interchangeably with Caliphate and the supporting Sharia evidences followed by a discussion of the contract and procedure of appointment of the Caliph. Mawardi elaborates the conditions of the holder of this office, how the Imam is to be chosen either elected by those of power and influence or delegated by the previous Imam and the responsibilities of the Imam which are enumerated as ten.
He regularly cites examples of consensus from amongst the companions of the Prophet pbuh during the first thirty years after the death of the Prophet pbuh. The following nineteen chapters over pages in length detail insights into key issues of Islamic political and public administrative law, including the appointment of governors, officials, judges and military commanders, and their rights, responsibilities and duties; fighting apostates, insurgents and brigands; dividing the spoils of war; boundaries between countries, land reclamation and water supplies; land enclosure, tithes, taxes and alms; crimes and punishments; fornication, theft, drinking and adultery.
Mawardi makes considerable use of Sharia texts and historical precedents throughout the earlier Caliphate periods to justify his points and articulate the structural concepts of the state. The key construct that al-Ahkam as-Sultaniyyah articulates is the hierarchical structure of political governance with the Caliph at the apex.
The head of the Islamic state is the Caliph with whom political authority sultah is vested and sovereignty is destined for the sharia siyadah.
Below the Caliph sit the governors wazirs , executive and non-executive assistants muawin , judges qudaa , head of the military amir al-jihad , judicial redress, niqabaj tribunal and administrators to who authority is delegated and who are answerable to the Caliph.
Critique Most of the book is empirical, dealing with the day to day apparatus of governance and public administration. An early chapter however deals with the juristic theory of the Caliphate and its underpinning evidences.
This appears focused at provided support to the Abbasid rulers and countering the Fatimid claims rather than addressing political theory, the nature and purpose of political power. They differ with writers such as Ibn Taymiyyah in their erudition which makes them less accessible to simple readers or those without juristic and political knowledge.
They however miss the Sharia evidences cited by Mawardi throughout his text, showing his articulation is not expressing historical episodes but Sharia texts — the Caliphate structure is the de facto political system of Islam.
Al Ahkam As Sultaniyyah = The Laws Of Islamic Governance
Gozuru Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. He was still in Baghdad when it was taken over by Buwahids. Customers who bought this product also purchased. Essam Gad rated it really liked it Mar 27, Amazingly interesting work detailing the instruments of power and governance, where they derive their legitimacy from, an early Islamic perspective during the Abbassid regime.
AL-AHKAM AS – SULTANIYYAH PDF
Al-Ahkam as-Sultaniyyah written in the fith Century Hijri is perhaps the single most comprehensive account of the workings of Islamic governance and equally a highly al-ahkzm theoretical outline of the nature of that governance. This item does not appear to have any files that can be experienced on Archive. This appears focused at provided support to the Abbasid rulers and countering the Fatimid claims rather than addressing political theory, the nature and purpose of political al-akham. Quran with colour codes Mushaf Tajweed small pocket. His proficiency in jurisprudence Ethics, Political science and literature proved useful in securing a respectable career for him. There are no discussion topics on this book yet.