Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome HSS is a rare, congenital condition characterized mainly by abnormalities of the skull and facial bones; characteristic facial features; sparse hair; eye abnormalities; dental defects; degenerative skin changes; and proportionate short stature. What are the other Names for this Condition? Who gets Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome? Age and Sex Distribution Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome is a rare disorder that manifests at birth Both males and females may be affected Worldwide, individuals of all racial and ethnic groups may be affected What are the Risk Factors for Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome? Predisposing Factors Currently, no risk factors have been clearly identified for Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome It is important to note that having a risk factor does not mean that one will get the condition.

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Top 10 facts about the world An extremely rare genetic condition, Hallermann Streiff syndrome is primarily indicated by dwarfism, abnormalities in skull and dental development, thin hair, and vision problems. It is also known as Francois dyscephaly syndrome. As there is no cure for Hallermann Streiff syndrome; it can only treated by a team of specialists — such as dentists, optometrists, and surgeons — for relief of symptoms.

There has been no known cause found for the syndrome Hallermann Streiff syndrome can be indicated by visual clues, including a small lower jaw, a pinched nose that looks similar to a beak, and a broad head. Individuals with the disease are usually short, but proportionate. The eyes are often abnormally small. Common symptoms of Hallermann Streiff syndrome are poor vision, atrophy of the skin, and poor dental development. In some instances, teeth will be present at birth.

Vision problems are also usually present when the individual is born and typically consist of cataracts and possible ocular impairment because of small eye size. In rare cases, the condition may also cause mental retardation. Deformities in the structure of the airway and skull of individuals with the disease can lead to other illnesses. There is also a potential for obstructive sleep apnea , feeding problems, and lung infections.

Extra teeth in the jawbone can cause malformation and crowding. Ad It has been speculated that Hallermann Streiff syndrome is caused by mutation of the genes due to recessive characteristics in both parents. In most reported cases, the development of the condition is random; there is usually not a family history of the disease.

Studies have focused on attempting to discover what event or series of events causes the development of the disease. The syndrome usually must be diagnosed after birth, though some signs, such as an underdeveloped jaw, may present themselves in an ultrasound.

A physical examination will give a doctor most of the information necessary to determine if a patient has the condition. X-rays can also be helpful as deformed bones are one of the key indicators of the disease. Hallermann Streiff syndrome gets its name from Wilhelm Hallermann and Enrico Streiff, the men who made the first reports about patients with the condition.

The medical community discovered it in the late s. Today an organization known as Schattenkinder e.


Hallermann-Streiff syndrome

The disease was first discussed by Aubry in the late s, but it was documented as a distinct entity by Hallermann in and Streiff in The inheritance pattern of HSS is ill defined and males and females are equally affected. The vast majority of cases are attributed to sporadic mutations, but there have been a few rare familial cases reported as well. Two cases of monozygotic twins have been described, where 1 set had both twins affected while the other had only 1 twin affected [3]. Etiology The causative gene for HSS is yet to be determined. Previously, mutations in the GJA1 gene were thought to be contributing to the disease due to a similar phenotype in patients with these mutations; however, this phenotype was ultimately recognized to be different from the typical manifestations found in HSS. This may be the basis for the craniofacial abnormalities related to HSS.


Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome



What Is Hallermann Streiff Syndrome?


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