That said, Atran has produced what is likely the most comprehensive and convincing account of the cognitive science of religion, but anyone with an interest in religion, cognitive science, psychology, anthropology, or applications of evolutionary theory to human behavior should find this to be a fascinating work. Atran notes the vast array of explanations for religion that have arisen over the years and sees value in many of them, but does not find each on its own to explain religion in its totality. On the social level, religion preys on these basic cognitive elements, such as rituals being used to display hard to fake commitments an idea put forth by William Irons. Thus, religion in this sense is a neutral vessel through which human experience flows. It is responsible for motivating people to do both great good and great evil; it is highly malleable and can be adapted and refashioned to suit myriad needs and purposes. He exhaustively explains the interplay of the various elements on the cognitive, social, and cultural levels.
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Although limited forms of communication among initiates may be tolerated, there are often sever penalties for those who dare talk about their experiences to others, including social ostracism, physical punishment, and the menace of supernaturally driven psychological harassment unto death. Ebook This title is available as an ebook. But natural selection tends to stamp out waste and goda highly efficient organisms, so how did the human race evolve to habitually form and practice religions?
Jul 29, Jason Yang rated it liked it. Once or twice Atran says that he is going to tell us how religion originated, but I cannot atraj what he thinks he has told us.
Choose your country or region Close. Epistemology of Religion, Misc in Philosophy of Religion. He has done long-term trusf in the Middle East and has also written and experimented extensively on the ways scientists and ordinary people categorize and reason about nature.
Classical, Early, and Medieval World History: Scholars have a tendency to see the world through their first major project. Reason is not enough as it can be used to justify anything. Read reviews that mention gods we trust religious belief pascal boyer religion explained group selection natural selection scott atran meme theory existential anxieties costly and hard-to-fake community costly boyer religion best book human beings religious beliefs excellent book religion as a community book to read atran book religion in any book.
History of Western Philosophy. Account Options Sign in. Likewise, the bo Published inIn Gods We Trust seems to have become ahran of a standard in books on the development of religion in evolutionary theory. The author also has a habit of citing various theories and pieces of writing, presenting and interpreting their claims in a rather nit-picky, constrained way, and criticizing their ideas because certain aspects are not fully applicable ttust a wide-enough range of scenarios.
Rather than adopting an extreme stance on the existence of Ae or other similar metaphysical persons and concepts or the usefulness of religion for human life and attempting to defend this position through haphazard scholarship and polemic as have perhaps most thinkers who have addressed these issues, Atran adopts an explicitly agnostic stance govs instead attempts to explore the relation between human evolution and religion, concluding that, no matters its truth or use-value, religion is atrn of human evolutionary psychology and is here to stay.
But since these important events have no apparent controlling force, they are quickly associated with supernatural agents. Broom — — Cambridge University Press.
Moral Psychology And Moral Intuition: He currently directs an international, multidisciplinary project on the natural history of the Lowland Maya. We are thus goods free to cherry-pick whatever we want to believe from the tree of conflicting theories, ignoring how valid they are. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web.
Atran notes the vast array of explanations for religion that have arisen over the years and sees value in many of them, but does not find each on its own to explain religion in its totality.
Atran pieces together data from cognitive psychology, anthropology, and other fields to elucidate how evolution lead to religion. A religious Holy Book is full of obscure and contradictory statements, which allows the religious authority to cherry-pick the ones they want. Anyone who disagrees must be immoral.
Minds structure certain communicable aspects of the ideas produced, and these communicable aspects generally trigger or elicit ideas in other minds primarily through inference and evocation, not imitation and replication. Towards an Anthropology of Scienceand Folk Biology. University Press Scholarship Online. Feb 25, Aryssa W rated it really liked it. Ships from and sold by Amazon. Atran managed to combine the old and the new by relating the automatic cognitive operations to existential anxieties.
No statement or thought about the supernatural can ever be empirically disconfirmed or logically disproven. A cognitive anthropologist and psychologist, Scott Atran argues that religion is a by-product of human evolution just as the cognitive intervention, cultural selection, and historical survival of religion is an accommodation of certain existential and moral elements that have evolved in the human condition.
Anyone interested in Evolutionary psychology and religion. Atran covers lots of territor Atran pieces together data from cognitive psychology, anthropology, and other fields to elucidate how evolution lead to religion.
Perhaps one of the most fascinating studies I have read. Most Related.
In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion
Although limited forms of communication among initiates may be tolerated, there are often sever penalties for those who dare talk about their experiences to others, including social ostracism, physical punishment, and the menace of supernaturally driven psychological harassment unto death. Ebook This title is available as an ebook. But natural selection tends to stamp out waste and goda highly efficient organisms, so how did the human race evolve to habitually form and practice religions? Jul 29, Jason Yang rated it liked it.
ATRAN IN GODS WE TRUST PDF
The review is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Many attempts to provide a naturalistic explanation for religion start from the assumption that it must have had survival benefits for our hunter-gatherer ancestors. But Atran does not believe that religions are adaptations which enhance genetic fitness or that they have evolutionary functions as such. This does not mean that he neglects evolution, however; quite the opposite. Rather, he thinks that religion needs to be seen in the wider context of how the mind itself has evolved. This landscape is shaped by natural selection. It is ancestrally defined by specific sets of affective, social, and cognitive features different mountain ridges.
In Gods We Trust