INDO SARACENIC ARCHITECTURE PDF

It is the official residence and seat of the Wodeyars — the Maharajas of Mysore, the former royal family of Mysore, who ruled the princely state of Mysore from to The palace houses two durbar halls and incorporates a mesmerizing and gigantic array of courtyards, gardens, and buildings. The palace is in the central region of inner Mysore, facing the Chamundi Hills eastward. Mysore is commonly described as the City of Palaces.

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The Palladian style of architecture is based on the works of Andrea Palladio 17th century of Italy. It could be identified with a few features such as the ceilings as an ornamental focus, mouldings often featuring masks, terms and shells or other depictions of nature, fireplaces and wall painting.

A great central tower rising from a succession of traced roofs is one important characteristic of this style. The another important feature is Palladian window, which consists of a central section with semicircular arch over and two sections on either sides, all supported by pillars, as shown in the adjacent image.

Martin acquired his fortune while serving Asaf-ud-Daula, the nawab wazir of Awadh, and was reputedly the richest Frenchman in India. The building, called Constantia at that time is now serves as a college. At the same time, the Victorian style was also in vogue.

So, in the years to come, the buildings and monuments saw a mix of Indian Mughal style, Victorian, Gothic, Palladian, Baroque and other styles. However, none of the styles prevalent in Europe in those times were original.

All of them were either imitated features from earlier Romanesque or Georgian architecture. The Victorian Gothic Architecture thus, was basically a hotch-potch of early European styles mixed with the introduction of Middle East and Asian influences.

The Victoria terminus station Now the Chhatrapati Shivaji Station , in Mumbai, is one of the examples of Victorian gothic revival architecture in India. This monument represents the themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. This building designed by F. Stevens, became the symbol of Bombay as the gothic city. In some cases, they also wished to satisfy the Indian aspirations by inculcating the oriental substance and elements in the buildings.

This was the beginning of the Indo-gothic or Indo-Saracenic revival. The monuments now created drew the elements from the indigenous and indo-Islamic architecture and combined it with the gothic revival and neo-classical styles favoured in Victorian England.

One the best example is the Victoria Memorial Hall of Kolkata, which inculcates numerous Mughal elements in its design. Such monuments were built on advanced engineering standards. The material such as steel, Iron and poured concrete started getting used. The most important features of the buildings of this revival were as follows: Bulbous domes along with many miniature domes Overhanging eaves Pointed arches, cusped arches, or scalloped arches Vaulted roofs Domed chhatris, pinnacles, towers and minarets Open pavilions Pierced arcades.

The objective was to successfully combine the local traditions with a statement of colonial power. These architects studied the Buddhist, Hindu and Islamic features while drawing and redrawing their plans.

The Lutyens Delhi finally emerged with a huge dome with most if the building representing elements of the Hindu or Islamic architecture. The structures such created like the Mughal Gardens brought the majesty of Mughal periods, though the utility of the structures were comprised to a great extent.

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Famous Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture buildings

The Palladian style of architecture is based on the works of Andrea Palladio 17th century of Italy. It could be identified with a few features such as the ceilings as an ornamental focus, mouldings often featuring masks, terms and shells or other depictions of nature, fireplaces and wall painting. A great central tower rising from a succession of traced roofs is one important characteristic of this style. The another important feature is Palladian window, which consists of a central section with semicircular arch over and two sections on either sides, all supported by pillars, as shown in the adjacent image.

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Indo-Saracenic architecture

Further information: Pandyan art and architecture After the close of the Sangam age, the first Pandyan empire was established by Kadungon in the 6th century by defeating the Kalabhras, The empire ruled AD 6th — 10th centuriy. Rock cut and structural temples are significant part of pandyan architecture. The Vimana and mandapa are some of the features of the early Pandyan temples. The Shiva temples have a Nandi bull sculpture in front of the maha mandapa.

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