Jascha Heifetz and many other famous violin virtuosos have studied with him. Auer composed the Graded Course of Violin Playing series to provide an outline of violin study which would differ in many respects from the instructive plan of existing methods of the old stereotyped Leopold Auer was considered one of the most important pedagogues of the violin. Auer composed the Graded Course of Violin Playing series to provide an outline of violin study which would differ in many respects from the instructive plan of existing methods of the old stereotyped pattern. This series contains 8 books- Book 1 Preparatory Grade Whole book of open string exercises with a variety of bowing and rhythm techniques to establish the correct position of the body and tone-production before placing the fingers.
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The Double Concerto , however, was one of his favorites. Auer does not mention it, but mentions two of the single-violin concertos, one in D major, No. For another, in E-flat major, it turned out that Mozart did not actually write it.
Conducting[ edit ] Auer was also active as a conductor. He was in charge of the Russian Musical Society orchestral concerts intermittently in the s and 90s. He was always willing to mount the podium to accompany a famous foreign soloist—as he did when Joachim visited Russia—and did the same for his students concertizing abroad. Auer is remembered as one of the most important pedagogues of the violin, and was one of the most sought-after teachers for gifted students.
Among these were "some of the greatest violinists" of the twentieth century. Like pianist Franz Liszt , in his teaching, Auer did not focus on technical matters with his students. Instead, he guided their interpretations and concepts of music. If a student ran into a technical problem, Auer did not offer any suggestions.
Neither was he inclined to pick up a bow to demonstrate a passage. Nevertheless, he was a stickler for technical accuracy. Fearing to ask Auer themselves, many students turned to each other for help. Paradoxically, in the years before when Auer focused more closely on technical details, he did not turn out any significant students. While Auer valued talent, he considered it no excuse for lack of discipline, sloppiness or absenteeism.
He demanded punctual attendance. He expected intelligent work habits and attention to detail. Lessons were as grueling, and required as much preparation, as recital performances. In lieu of weekly lessons, students were required to bring a complete movement of a major work. This usually demanded more than a week to prepare. Once a student felt ready to play this work, he or she had to sign up 10 days prior to the class meeting.
The student was expected to have the concert ready and to be dressed accordingly. An accompanist was provided. An audience watched—comprised not only of students and parents, but also often of distinguished guests and prominent musicians. Auer arrived for the lesson punctually; everything was supposed to be in place by the time he arrived.
During the lesson, Auer would walk around the room, observing, correcting, exhorting, scolding, shaping the interpretation. Remaining there was a test of endurance and hard work. Auer could be stern, severe, harsh. One unfortunate student was ejected regularly, with the music thrown after him.
Auer valued musical vitality and enthusiasm. While Auer pushed his students to their limits, he also remained devoted to them. He remained solicitous of their material needs.
He helped them obtain scholarships, patrons and better instruments. He used his influence in high government offices to obtain residence permits for his Jewish students. Jascha Heifetz and his father in the Conservatory[ edit ] There was a somewhat limited area of Russia called the Jewish Pale of Settlement in which Jews were allowed to live.
Petersburg had a substantial Jewish community, the largest in Russia outside the Pale. This I did, and as a result the law was obeyed while at the same time the Heifetz family was not separated, for it was not legally permissible for the wife and children of a Conservatoire pupil to be separated from their husband and father.
However, since the students were without exception expected to attend the obligatory classes in solfeggio, piano, and harmony, and since Papa Heifetz most certainly did not attend any of them I had to do battle continually with the management on his account. He gave them style, taste, musical breeding. He also broadened their horizons. He made them read books, guided their behavior and career choices and polished their social graces.
He also insisted that his students learn a foreign language if an international career was expected. Even after a student started a career, Auer would watch with a paternal eye.
He wrote countless letters of recommendation to conductors and concert agents. When Mischa Elman was preparing for his London debut, Auer traveled there to coach him. He also continued work with Efrem Zimbalist and Kathleen Parlow after their debuts. Dedications[ edit ] A number of composers dedicated pieces to Auer. This was not because he regarded the work as "unplayable", as some sources say, but because he felt that "some of the passages were not suited to the character of the instrument, and that, however perfectly rendered, they would not sound as well as the composer had imagined".
Compositions and writings[ edit ] Auer wrote a small number of works for his instrument, including the Rhapsodie hongroise for violin and piano. There are also alterations to various passages throughout the piece. His editions are published mostly by Carl Fischer.
To these three, Joachim adds a fourth, by Max Bruch. Steinberg does not mention Bruch concertos after the first, although both he and Auer mention the Scottish Fantasy for violin and orchestra.
Beethoven wrote two Romances for violin and orchestra, Romance No. Auer pp. The jazz vibraphonist Vera Auer is a niece of Leopold Auer. The actor Mischa Auer born Mischa Ounskowsky was his grandson.
Hungarian Dance No.
Graded Course Of Violin Playing Book 1
Leopold Auer: Graded Course of Violin Playing Book 1
ISBN 13: 9780825802515