I, therefore, warn you, and call upon you to testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am His messenger. O ye sons of Abdul Muttalib , no one ever came to you before with anything better than what I have brought to you. By accepting it, your welfare will be assured in this world and in the Hereafter. Who among you will support me in carrying out this momentous duty? Who will share the burden of this work with me? Who will respond to my call?
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I, therefore, warn you, and call upon you to testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am His messenger. O ye sons of Abdul Muttalib , no one ever came to you before with anything better than what I have brought to you. By accepting it, your welfare will be assured in this world and in the Hereafter.
Who among you will support me in carrying out this momentous duty? Who will share the burden of this work with me? Who will respond to my call?
Who will become my vicegerent, my deputy and my wazir? The association with the revelation of a Quranic verse also serves the purpose of providing the nomination with authenticity as well as a divine authorisation. According to Ibn Hisham , one of the earliest available sources of this hadith, Ali heard suggestions that he had been left behind because Muhammad had found his presence a burden.
Ali immediately took his weapons and followed in pursuit of the army, catching up with them in an area called al-Jurf. He relayed to Muhammad the rumours, to which the latter responded "They lie. I left you behind because of what I had left behind, so go back and represent me in my family and yours.
Are you not content, Ali, to stand to me as Aaron stood to Moses , except that there will be no prophet after me? This can be compared to the Shia belief in the Imamate , in which Ali and his descendants are regarded as inheritors of religious authority. The narrations generally state that in March , Muhammad, while returning from his Farewell Pilgrimage alongside a large number of followers and companions, stopped at the oasis of Ghadir Khumm.
The point of contention between different sects is when Muhammad, whilst giving his speech, gave the proclamation "Anyone who has me as his mawla , has Ali as his mawla. Historian M. Too ill to lead prayers as he usually would, Muhammad had instructed that Abu Bakr instead take his place, ignoring concerns that he was too emotionally delicate for the role. Abu Bakr subsequently took up the position, and when Muhammad entered the prayer hall one morning during Fajr prayers , Abu Bakr attempted to step back to let him to take up his normal place and lead.
Muhammad however, allowed him to continue. However, several other companions had held similar positions of authority and trust, including the leading of prayers. Such honours may therefore not hold much importance in matters of succession. When the argument grew heated, Muhammad ordered the group to leave and subsequently chose not to write anything. Though what he had intended to write is unknown, later theologians and writers have offered their own suggestions, with many believing that he had wished to establish his succession.
Shia writers, like Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid , suggest that it would have been a direct appointment of Ali as the new leader, while Sunnis, such as Al-Baladhuri , state that it was to designate Abu Bakr.
MADELUNG SUCCESSION PDF
Kazrajinn With that said, it is clear from an objective research of Sunni, Shia, Orientalist works that Ali ibn Abi Talib was the best leader for Islam and the Muslims. I identify myself as a Muslim. He also said that Al-Waqidi is the more reliable source when it came to the crisis in the caliphate of Uthman p. Madelung puts forth a convincing argument that Ali should have been the rightful heir to Muhammad, following similar parallels in prophetic history. God gives the kingdom unto whom He will; God comprehends and knows. Email required Address never made public.
Succession to Muhammad
The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate